When Joyce is mortally wounded by Japanese fire, Shears swims across the river, but is himself shot. And a bloke called George Siegatz ... —an expert whistler—began to whistle Colonel Bogey, and a hit was born.". The screenwriters, Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson, were on the Hollywood blacklist and, even though living in exile in England, could only work on the film in secret. [16], Lean nearly drowned when he was swept away by the river current during a break from filming.[17]. When Major Clipton, the British medical officer, warns Saito there are too many witnesses for him to get away with murder, Saito leaves the officers standing all day in the intense heat. In 1997, the film was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the United States Library of Congress. The Bridge on the River Kwai has never been a great-looking film. When he asks that their Japanese counterparts pitch in as well, a resigned Saito replies that he already gave the order. [55], This article is about the film. "The Bridge on the River Kwai" (1957) is one of the few that focuses not on larger rights and wrongs but on individuals. By daybreak the river level has dropped, exposing the wire connecting the explosives to the detonator. These problems resulted in a number of anomalies that were very difficult to correct, like a ghosting effect in many scenes that resembles colour mis-registration, and a tick-like effect with the image jumping or jerking side-to-side. For example, a Sergeant-Major Risaburo Saito was in real life second in command at the camp. For him, its completion will exemplify the ingenuity and hard work of the British Army. It was initially scripted by screenwriter Carl Foreman, who was later replaced by Michael Wilson. [45], Warren Buffett said it was his favorite movie. The film uses the historical setting of the construction of the Burma Railway in 1942–1943. We worked at bayonet point and under bamboo lash, taking any risk to sabotage the operation whenever the opportunity arose. "[44] Significant praise was also given to the actors especially Alec Guinness, Variety said that "the film is unquestionably Guinness'". After Guinness was done with the scene, Lean said, "Now you can all fuck off and go home, you English actors. It stresses the importance of duty, but Kwai is quick to show how adherence to duty for the wrong reasons (pride, for example) can tempt disaster.This film may look like another glossy World War II film from the late 1950s, but it is in a class all by itself. David Lean's epic war drama The Bridge On The River Kwai is a film that succeeds in keeping the "epic" relatively small scale. A train carrying important dignitaries and soldiers is scheduled to be the first to cross the bridge the following day, so Warden waits to destroy both. The film has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Joyce, manning the detonator, breaks cover and stabs Saito to death. The 1957 award winning British-American war film The Bridge on the River Kwai was based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwai (1952) which brought these struggles of the survivors to light. Sri Lanka is to rebuild the replica bridge destroyed in an iconic scene from the film Bridge on the River Kwai, as part of a tourism drive. The Bridge on the River Kwai, British-American war film, released in 1957 and directed by David Lean, that was both a critical and popular success and became an enduring classic. That makes the Bridge on the River Kwai one of Kanchanaburi’s most popular war-related attractions – there are always crowds trudging across it and snapping photos – but it is actually something of a misnomer. However, cameraman Freddy Ford was unable to get out of the way of the explosion in time, and Lean had to stop filming. The filming location for Bridge on the River Kwai is today indicated by a discreet, rusted piece of metal on which directions to the area have been painted. David Lean himself also claimed that producer Sam Spiegel cheated him out of his rightful part in the credits since he had had a major hand in the script. It was still highly unusual at that time for a television network to show such a long film in one evening; most films of that length were still generally split into two parts and shown over two evenings. Like Robert Graves' World War I memoir, Goodbye to All That, it shows men grimly hanging onto military discipline and pride in their units as a way of clinging to sanity. Lean filmed the scene from behind Guinness and exploded in anger when Guinness asked him why he was doing this. [53], On 2 November 2010 Columbia Pictures released a newly restored The Bridge on the River Kwai for the first time on Blu-ray. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film received an approval rating of 95% based on 58 reviews, with an average rating of 9.33/10. The movie garnered seven Academy Awards, including that for best picture, as well as three Golden Globe Awards and four BAFTA awards. The official credit was given to Pierre Boulle (who did not speak English), and the resulting Oscar for Best Screenplay (Adaptation) was awarded to him. The commandant, Colonel Saito, informs them that all prisoners, regardless of rank, will work on the construction of a railway bridge over the River Kwai that will connect Bangkok and Rangoon. In 1941 the Japanese Army invaded Thailand.They built a railway to link Bangkok to Rangoon.Thousands of Asian workers and POWs … Discussions over building a replica of the bridge are currently underway. [41], Roger Ebert gives the film four out of four stars. Julie Summers, in her book The Colonel of Tamarkan, writes that Boulle, who had been a prisoner of war in Thailand, created the fictional Nicholson character as an amalgam of his memories of collaborating French officers. “The Bridge of the River Kwai” from 1957, runs 2 hours, 47 minutes, and will be broadcast Saturday, Nov. 14, at 9 p.m. on PBS. [43] Slant stated that "the 1957 epic subtly develops its themes about the irrationality of honor and the hypocrisy of Britain's class system without ever compromising its thrilling war narrative", and in comparing to other films of the time said that Bridge on the River Kwai "carefully builds its psychological tension until it erupts in a blinding flash of sulfur and flame. Two labour forces, one based in Siam and the other in Burma, worked from opposite ends of the line towards the centre. [36] By October 1960, the film had earned worldwide box office revenues of $30 million. Bandaranaike, then Prime Minister of Ceylon, and a team of government dignitaries. The two did not collaborate on the script; Wilson took over after Lean was dissatisfied with Foreman's work. "[43], Variety gave high praise for the movie saying that it is "a gripping drama, expertly put together and handled with skill in all departments. Saito threatens to have them shot, but Nicholson refuses to back down. [25] On a BBC Timewatch programme, a former prisoner at the camp states that it is unlikely that a man like the fictional Nicholson could have risen to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and, if he had, due to his collaboration he would have been "quietly eliminated" by the other prisoners. On February 1, 2021, MHM's Film Reviews will only be available on our YouTube Channel. Witnessing the carnage, Clipton shakes his head, muttering, "Madness! Thanks to the film, the Bridge, situated in the Thai town of Kanchanaburi a couple of hours drive from Bangkok, is one of Thailand’s most popular tourist attractions. [15] Guinness later reflected on the scene, calling it the "finest piece of work" he had ever done. He, Shears, and Canadian Lieutenant Joyce reach the river in time with the assistance of Siamese women bearers and their village chief, Khun Yai. Directed by David Lean. Discover this hidden gem set away from the crowds. We hadn't much breath left for whistling. In fact, two bridges were built: a temporary wooden bridge and a permanent steel/concrete bridge a few months later. Mitch Miller had a hit with a recording of both marches. Arnold won an Academy Award for the film's score. [24][25][26][27], The plot and characters of Boulle's novel and the screenplay were almost entirely fictional.[28]. The four commandos parachute in, though one is killed on landing. Both bridges were used for two years, until they were destroyed by Allied bombing. [42], Slant Magazine gave the film four out of five stars. Nicholson yells for help, while attempting to stop Joyce from reaching the detonator. [34] According to Variety, the film earned estimated domestic box office revenues of $18,000,000[35] although this was revised downwards the following year to $15,000,000, which was still the biggest for 1958 and Columbia's highest-grossing film at the time. The march was written in 1914 by Kenneth J. Alford, a pseudonym of British Bandmaster Frederick J. Ricketts. The movie, exploring the lives of British prisoners of war being held at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, was filmed in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) near the town of Kitulgala, which is known for its rainforests, adventure sports and activities. [25] He strongly denied the claim that the book was anti-British, although many involved in the film itself (including Alec Guinness) felt otherwise. He described the music for The Bridge on the River Kwai as the "worst job I ever had in my life" from the point of view of time. "[40] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 87 out of 100 based on 14 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". [22] Gavin Young[23] recounts meeting Donald Wise, a former prisoner of the Japanese who had worked on the Burma Railway. Three prisoners escape. “The Bridge on the River Kwai” won Best Picture and six other Oscar nods from the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences at the 1958 Academy Awards. [33], The Bridge on the River Kwai was a massive commercial success. British POWs are forced to build a railway bridge across the river Kwai for their Japanese captors, not knowing that the allied forces are planning to destroy it. The destruction of the bridge as depicted in the film is also entirely fictional. Also, in the novel, the bridge is not destroyed: the train plummets into the river from a secondary charge placed by Warden, but Nicholson (never realising "what have I done?") Many historical inaccuracies in the film have often been noted by eyewitnesses to the building of the real Burma Railway and historians. Only in 1984 did the Academyrectify the situation by retroactively awarding the Oscar t… Nicholson forbids any escape attempts because they were ordered by headquarters to surrender, and escapes could be seen as defiance of orders. Despite this, he won an Oscar and a Grammy. Nicholson is shocked by the poor job being done by his men. The dazed colonel stumbles towards the detonator and collapses on the plunger, blowing up the bridge and send the train hurtling into the river. [21], A memorable feature of the film is the tune that is whistled by the POWs—the first strain of the march "Colonel Bogey"—when they enter the camp. Lean shouted at them, 'For God's sake, whistle a march to keep time to.' ", The screenwriters, Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson, were on the Hollywood blacklist and, even though living in exile in England, could only work on the film in secret. The Bridge on the River Kwai is a British 1957 movie from Columbia Pictures, based on Pierre Boulle's 1952 book The Bridge over the River Kwai (French: Le Pont de la Rivière Kwai).The movie was mainly filmed in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and also in England.. Did he really want the enemy to come in across it?”[46], Some Japanese viewers disliked the film's depiction of the Japanese characters present in the movie and the historical background presented as being inaccurate, particularly in the interactions between Saito and Nicholson. [17], The producers nearly suffered a catastrophe following the filming of the bridge explosion. Toosey in fact did as much as possible to delay the building of the bridge. The Bridge on the River Kwai is a 1957 World War II epic film directed by David Lean, based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwai (1952) by Pierre Boulle.The film is a work of fiction but borrows the construction of the Burma Railway in 1942–43 for its historical setting. The movie, exploring the lives of British prisoners of war being held at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, was filmed in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) near the town of Kitulgala, which is known for its rainforests, adventure sports and activities. "[24], A 1969 BBC television documentary, Return to the River Kwai, made by former POW John Coast,[27] sought to highlight the real history behind the film (partly through getting ex-POWs to question its factual basis, for example Dr Hugh de Wardener and Lt-Col Alfred Knights), which angered many former POWs. With a fantastic cast and absolutely beautiful cinematography, David Lean crafts a pretty unforgettable film. As a result, Boulle, who did not speak English, was credited and received the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay; many years later, Foreman and Wilson posthumously received the Academy Award.[3]. That evening, the officers are placed in a punishment hut, while Nicholson is locked in an iron box after getting beaten as punishment. [54] The original negative for the feature was scanned at 4k (roughly four times the resolution in High Definition), and the colour correction and digital restoration were also completed at 4k. But in Bangkok I was told that David Lean, the film's director, became mad at the extras who played the prisoners—us—because they couldn't march in time. swept seven Academy Awards including the award for Best Picture. [39], The film initially received generally positive reviews, with Guinness being widely praised for his performance. On this, its 60th birthday, The Bridge on the River Kwai has lost none of its majesty. [50][51], The film was restored in 1992 by Columbia Pictures. Under cover of darkness, Shears and Joyce plant explosives on the bridge towers. I mean, at least not in my lifetime. But I am writing a factual account, and in justice to these men—living and dead—who worked on that bridge, I must make it clear that we never did so willingly. Bridge on the River Kwai was the highest-grossing film of 1957 and received overwhemingly positive reviews from critics. The movie, exploring the lives of British prisoners of war being held at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, was filmed in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) near the town of Kitulgala, which is known for its rainforests, adventure sports and activities. Some of the characters in the film use the names of real people who were involved in the Burma Railway. It was repaired in time to be blown up the next morning, with Bandaranaike and his entourage present. However, in 1943 a railway bridge was built by Allied POWs over the Mae Klong river – renamed Khwae Yai in the 1960s as a result of the film – at Tha Ma Kham, five kilometres from Kanchanaburi, Thailand. Shears, who is a British commando officer like Warden in the novel, became an American sailor who escapes from the POW camp. In reality, Japanese engineers proved to be just as capable at construction efforts as their Allied counterparts.[47][48]. The movie was based on the 1952 novel by Pierre Boulle. Kithulgala – The Filming Location of The Bridge on the River Kwai They were put to work under terrible conditions and were treated brutally. In an interview he said that "There were a lot of lessons in that", Buffett said of the film. [49] The 167-minute film was first telecast, uncut, in colour, on the evening of 25 September 1966, as a three hours-plus ABC Movie Special. [8], The film was relatively faithful to the novel, with two major exceptions. The 1957 movie Bridge on the River Kwai may be one of the most famous war movies ever made, winning seven Oscars including Best Picture and Best Actor for Alec Guinness. Alec Guinness, William Holden, Jack Hawkins, and Sessue Hayakawa. Most importantly, there were nowhere to escape from the camp as it was surrounded by jungle. The documentary itself was described by one newspaper reviewer when it was shown on Boxing Day 1974 (The Bridge on the River Kwai had been shown on BBC1 on Christmas Day 1974) as "Following the movie, this is a rerun of the antidote."[32]. Thailand's Kanchanaburi. Desperate, he uses the anniversary of Japan's 1905 victory in the Russo-Japanese War as an excuse to save face and announces a general amnesty, releasing Nicholson and his officers and exempting them from manual labour. As the Japanese engineers chose a poor site, a new bridge is begun downstream. ABC, sponsored by Ford, paid a record $1.8 million for the television rights for two screenings in the United States. It is best to watch the movie first before you visit the area, so you can reimagine how the set would have looked like. You may not have heard of Kanchanaburi, but there’s a strong chance that you’re familiar with the 1957 Academy Award-winning dramatic film ‘The Bridge Over the River Kwai’, which was set there. In early 1943, British POWs arrive at a Japanese prison camp in Burma. But the reality was a bit different than the movie. Usually, the correspondence centres on requests for support from the War Office. Thank God that I'm starting work tomorrow with an American actor (William Holden)."[13]. With William Holden, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins, Sessue Hayakawa. The film is set in 1943, as the forces of Imperial Japan are tightening their hold on South East Asia. Two are shot dead, but United States Navy Lieutenant Commander Shears gets away. The filming of the bridge explosion was to be done on 10 March 1957, in the presence of S.W.R.D. This film was shot in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon), and a bridge was erected for the purpose of shooting the film over Kelani River at Kitulgala, Sri Lanka. In particular, they objected to the implication presented in the film that Japanese military engineers were generally unskilled and unproficient at their professions. The fourth film in our blog series is ‘The Bridge on the River Kwai’ (1957) directed by David Lean. Shears is so appalled at going back he confesses he is not an officer; he impersonated one, expecting better treatment from the Japanese. In March 1958, The Bridge on the River Kwai swept seven Academy Awards including the award for Best Picture. Toosey later defended him in his war crimes trial after the war, and the two became friends. [6][7] In 1999, the British Film Institute voted The Bridge on the River Kwai the 11th greatest British film of the 20th century. Warden responds that he already knew and that the American Navy had agreed to transfer him to the British Army, along with Shears receiving a commission of major, to avoid embarrassment. He knew that the railway ran parallel to the Kwae for many miles, and he therefore assumed that it was the Kwae which it crossed just north of Kanchanaburi. While Nicholson disapproves of acts of sabotage and other deliberate attempts to delay progress, Toosey encouraged this: termites were collected in large numbers to eat the wooden structures, and the concrete was badly mixed. The novel was made into the 1957 film The Bridge on the River Kwai, directed by David Lean, which won the 1957 Academy Award for Best Picture. Bookmark the permalink. The Bridge On The River Kwai Film Facts. The major railway bridge described in the novel and film didn't actually cross the river known at the time as the Kwai. Although the Kelani River was a slower-moving waterway during the film’s shooting than it is today, David Lean (the director of the movie) is said to have nearly drowned when the river swept him away during a break from filming. Shears is enjoying his hospital stay in Ceylon when British Major Warden invites him to join a commando mission to destroy the bridge before it is completed. "The ending of that was sort of the story of life. Ordinarily, the film would have been taken by boat to London, but due to the Suez crisis this was impossible; therefore the film was taken by air freight. These issues, running throughout the film, were addressed to a lesser extent on various previous DVD releases of the film and might not have been so obvious in standard definition. A Gem of the Silver Screen. [18], British composer Malcolm Arnold recalled that he had "ten days to write around forty-five minutes worth of music" - much less time than he was used to. It is as beautiful a film to watch today as it was in 1957, proudly boasting the Cinemascope format that was used to photograph the wilds of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) which stood in for the film… Young: "Donald, did anyone whistle Colonel Bogey ... as they did in the film?" The telecast of the film lasted more than three hours because of the commercial breaks. 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