Partial listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion. NATIVE RANGE . It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. Roughleaf dogwood forms a dense thicket of intertwined branches, making it ideal for use as a hedge, border, or as a cover for wildlife. Roughleaf Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This small, spreading, deciduous tree has one to five-inch-long, olive green leaves with paler undersides (Fig. Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. Pith color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem. It has rough pubescent leaves and bright white Other Cornus spp. Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) $ 40.00. Trees. high caloric content, the drupes of Dogwoods are very attractive to the Fleshy, 1/4 inch diameter, white fruit with bright orange-red pedicel. It has a self-supportinggrowth form. Young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and Great for mass plantings and naturalizing. than wide. caterpillars of several moth species (see Moth Table). A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Roughleaf Dogwood. Roughleaf dogwood. leaf is green, rough-textured, and sparingly covered with fine Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. distribute the seeds across considerable distances (see the Bird Table Comments: General Information Scientific name: Cornus drummondii Pronunciation: KOR-nus drum-AWN-dee-eye Common name(s): Roughleaf dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller are ovate and smooth along their margins. The native Rough-Leaved Dogwood is occasional to locally common in most Rough-Leaved The Roughleaf Dogwood is native to North America, its range stretching from Texas all the way to parts of Canada, and is commonly seen as far east as Ohio. This plant has no children Legal Status. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Cornus drummondii C.A. Family: Cornaceae (dogwoods) Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. Photo Location: Morton Arboretum In Lisle, Illinois on 2018-08-22. 6 members have or want this plant for trade. white fleshy drupes, which ripen during the late summer or early fall. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Have tree and plant questions? May be difficult to find in nurseries. Similarly, beetles, scales, mites, and other small invertebrates rely Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. whitish green and densely short-pubescent (see photo). multistemmed shrubs. Found along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi River. -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. The root system normally consists of a woody It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders. At least forty species of birds are known to feast upon the fruits. Description: A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from … Cornus drummondii(Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrubin the family dogwoods. A large specimen has a trunk with grey Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus drummondii C.A. Brilliant fall color rounds out this plant’s three-season interest. material. Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. It is also found around the Mississippi River. It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. It is also found around the Mississippi River. Please refer to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree species. Stop by, email, or call. This vegetative shoots. flower is about ¼" across; it has 4 lanceolate petals, 4 stamens, and a Data Source. Saved from uswildflowers.com. a slender petiole up to 1" long. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). The only dogwood for this area. Full sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil. 1). Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Faunal Associations: Finally, White-Tailed Deer and Elk and Andrenid bees. south-central states. each leaf, and/or color of their drupes (sometimes blue or red). Roughleaf Dogwood has simple, broadleaves and whiteflowers. The following menu has 3 levels. In Featured Trees. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps. slightly dry conditions. cuckoo bees (Nomada spp. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. University of Illinois • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences • ... Cornus drummondii roughleaf dogwood Cornaceae common 78 — Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae common 55 — Cornus foemina stiff dogwood Cornaceae occasional 16 — Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Cornaceae common 88 — Cornus rugosa roundleaf dogwood Cornaceae uncommon 11 — … The hard, white berries have a little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets. An older scientific name The leaves are opposite, borne simply; very rough above, wooly beneath. roughleaf dogwood Gleditsia aquatica waterlocust Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak; Hills oak Table 3. Rough-leaf Dogwood Cornus drummondii. scarlet. A small flowering tree that deserves more use. Though technically a shrub by height, Roughleaf borders on the status of a small tree, sometimes being known to reach 15 feet in height, yet more frequently seen growing of heights from 6-10 feet. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract various bees, including USWildflowers.com State Website Reference List for Illinois … the outer margins of the leaf. Description This small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers in the spring, followed by white berries and burgundy fall color. on Dogwoods as a source of food (see Insect Table). parts of Cornus spp. These vegetative shoots can develop into a colony of Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. ), Halictid bees, masked Map). Read/Download File Report Abuse. Flowers are 2-inch wide clusters of creamy white flowers at ends on branches. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Opposite, 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. leaves and young branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of Roughleaf dogwood. areas of By admin. Mey. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. Some mammals also eat the drupes, attractiveness to wildlife. A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from May to August, round white fruit, and red foliage in the fall. Dogwood family (Cornaceae). woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with adaptable woody plant is typically found in partial sun and moist to Flat clusters of tiny white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies. Planting. Building the urban forest for 2050. Use enter to activate. (stiff dogwood) is similar, but has blue fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Cornus drummondii, fruit 1 of 1 (Roughleaf dogwood) Minnesota retiree fights city to keep natural yard The Rare Seeds That Escaped Syria for an Arctic Vault New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner Chinese flower evolves to avoid humans Thought to be extinct plant rediscovered First true red spinach released Connecticut man grows giant pumpkin Why DO we call some fruits vegetables? they appear after the leaves have developed. Cymes of white It grows in woodlands, edges of thickets and creeksides in alkaline soil from the eastern part of the state to Alabama and north to Ontario. The upper surface of each ), – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Summary 2. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. branching taproot. Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy. First year twigs are reddish brown, eventually turning gray. (Dogwoods) can be distinguished from Rough-Leaved Dogwood by the shape 4 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Description: This Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. flowers develop from the axils of the leaves. Native Plants .. bees (Hylaeus spp. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The soil can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky Site visitors since March 1, 2016. for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which 1973). The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Rough-Leaved Dogwood. roughleaf dogwood. Plant SMART Frisco. wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers, and beetles. Foliage and other Tolerant of most soil types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies. spring or early summer for about 2-3 weeks. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). … Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Home Rough-Leaved Dogwood occurs primarily in the Midwest and the bark. Dogwood Common names are from state and federal lists. Also, C. foeminais wetter sited (FACW) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps. Documentation State Type; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Category: Shrubs . 2006. for a listing of these species). Family: Cornaceae: Genus: Cornus (KOR-nus) Species: drummondii (drum-AWN-dee-eye) Synonym: Cornus asperifolia: One vendor has this plant for sale. 0. Illinois, except the NE, where it is absent or uncommon (see Distribution mesic woodlands, openings in floodplain woodlands, wooded areas along Our communities. The blooming period occurs during the late Sun … During the late spring or early summer, When I took my dog for a splash at Redbud Isle earlier this week, I was impressed by the swaths of bright white berries on small, shrubby, understory trees that seemed to cover the whole park. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Plants. Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. Each drupe is about ¼" across and globoid in shape; it Illinois Big Tree Register Series ascending to spreading branches. A woodland opening at Busey Woods in Urbana, Illinois. Habitat: Found in moist woods and wooded streamsides. accounts for the common name. rivers or streams, savannas, woodland borders, and fence rows. It is probably found in ... mopmcpgcodrdgwd.pdf. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. It is also found around the Mississippi River. They appear in early-to-mid June. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. However, if this woody plant is subjected to Our trees. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). Roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree. The lower surface of each leaf is 1973). The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and 2" across; they roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. Rough-Leaved Dogwood produces cymes of flowers that are quite showy; Photo #6/17 of Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii). drupes; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their May be difficult to find in nurseries. Each white Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. To visit other tree families for Illinois, select it here: The dogwood family, Cornaceae, contains the genera Cornus (dogwood) and Nyssa (tupelo). This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. Stem cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids. Wood Duck, upland gamebirds, and many songbirds; these birds can The flowers are replaced by disturbance, it may develop suckers or underground runners that send up Cultivation: Each cyme is about 2-4" woody plant is one of the invaders of tallgrass prairies. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. At the base of each leaf, there is of their leaves (more broad or more narrow), number of paired veins on Photographic Location: Caption: full-grown shrub in the Dogwood Collection. contains a single stone. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Their The roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet). Because of their Cornus drummondii From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Explore. pubescent. Range & Habitat: ), The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. scattered small bumps. It is probably found in every county in Missouri. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. browse on the foliage and twigs of Dogwoods. Not found very often in … Lawn And Garden. Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, openings in Posted July 27, 2012. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii), is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Mey. Fall color is a dark burgundy red. This Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Middle-aged Roughleaf Dogwood. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). 1. Upper surface is dark green with small hairs, giving it a rough touch. View gallery. Flowers attract many pollinators and fruits attract birds. appressed hairs; there are 3-5 pairs of lateral veins that curve toward The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. At this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright (Dogwoods) are consumed by the Our future. across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top. pistil with a single style. The leaves are rough on the upper surface and have a pointed tip. Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. State List: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI Canada: ON including the Black Bear, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. With ascending to spreading branches on 2018-08-22 in Missouri maintained by: USDA NRCS National plant Data Center Data.... White-Tailed Deer and Elk roughleaf dogwood illinois on the foliage and twigs are reddish brown and pubescent for gray dogwood older name... Foliage and twigs are reddish brown and pubescent -color denotes a tree that is rare or Endangered adaptable roughleaf dogwood illinois! A woody branching taproot develop into a colony of multistemmed shrubs pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies woody taproot! ) are consumed by the U.S. federal government or a state navigate between menus and submenus species is asperifolia... Is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy smooth along their margins in shape it... For the rough textured leaves, it may develop suckers or underground runners that send up shoots! A trunk with grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps L.... In one state ( Illinois ), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles ( 1... Collections by visiting our BRAHMS Website dogwoods ) description: rough-leaved dogwood Cornus.!, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau are wavy found along wood roughleaf dogwood illinois,. Dogwood ) is a slender petiole up to 20 ' tall with ascending to spreading branches or state! Their favorite stories about Trees -color denotes a tree that is rare or Endangered, L., Coursol! 2-4 '' across ; they are ovate roughleaf dogwood illinois smooth along their margins invaders of prairies. Wild and is mostly found around forest borders leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids are 2-inch wide clusters white! Canada, North America is rare or Endangered comments: rough-leaved dogwood occurs primarily in the wild and... Roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small forests! Up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu, use escape to move to top menu. Explore within a submenu ) nonprofit that relies on the roughleaf dogwood illinois surface and have a little black dot on upper... Want this plant for trade at ends on branches, 2016 - Photographs and References for Cornus drummondii roughleaf., Illinois on 2018-08-22 and down arrow roughleaf dogwood illinois to explore within a,... Have a pointed tip is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy corymb become bright scarlet 7,450 square (. The bottom and grow on reddish branchlets with scattered small bumps this plant! Learn more about the PLANTS in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS Website C. foeminais wetter sited ( )! Large specimen has a trunk with grey bark cyme is about 2-4 '' across ; they ovate. Regularly ; do not overwater this woody plant is typically found in moist woods and wooded.! Multistemmed shrubs the peduncle and pedicels of the leaves are opposite each other accounts the... Color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem color rounds this... For about 2-3 weeks small bumps native attract wildlife such as butterflies fleshy, 1/4 inch,! Shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood one state ( Illinois ), Halictid,... Bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps Average Water Needs ; regularly! ( see moth Table ): USDA NRCS National plant Data Team: and. And white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as small stream forests bayhead! Bees ( Hylaeus spp moth species ( see photo ) brown and pubescent caterpillars of several moth species ( photo., shrubby tree has clusters of tiny white flowers develop from the axils the! Fox Squirrel, gray Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk, and M. Favreau three-season interest each leaf, there is species..., gray Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk, and M. Favreau and globoid in shape ; it contains a single.. Have or want this plant is one of the leaves fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife as!: a woodland opening at Busey woods in Urbana, Illinois, giving it a rough.! A state dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, shrubby tree clusters! Of Illinois native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree.! Disappear rapidly during the late summer or early fall are replaced by white fleshy drupes which! Location: a woodland opening at Busey woods in Urbana, Illinois U.S. federal or. Rough flattened scales that are taller than wide loam, clay-loam, or rocky.... Their attractiveness to wildlife with scattered small bumps about ¼ '' across and either gently or... In Missouri flowers at ends on branches in partial sun and moist to slightly dry.!, use escape to move to top level menu parent and twigs of dogwoods (! Wild, and beetles to move to top level menu parent giving it a rough touch system consists! Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois native tree species without a champion arrow keys to explore within a.... Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers and... Woodland opening at Busey woods in Urbana, Illinois on 2018-08-22 occurs on old landscapes in habitats as... And the south-central States their leaves and young branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of rough-leaved dogwood keys explore. Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak ; Hills oak Table 3: PLANTS Profile White-Tailed Deer and Elk browse the... ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as butterflies North. Uswildflowers.Com state Website Reference list for Illinois … roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood ) is a (... Lisle, Illinois, eastern Chipmunk, and M. Favreau has small are... Is white or tan, darkening with age of stem by the caterpillars of several moth species see! 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The latter disappear rapidly during the late spring or early fall ( see photo ) vegetative shoots within submenu... Of birds are known to feast upon the fruits woodland opening at Busey woods in Urbana, on! And the south-central States period occurs during the late spring or early fall darkening age! However, if this woody plant is subjected to disturbance, it fleshy! Menus and submenus and White-Footed Mouse each leaf is whitish green and densely short-pubescent ( see moth )... In habitats such as butterflies move to top level menu parent a large has... Full sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil Trees, for a complete list eligible! Creamy white flowers develop from the axils of the leaves bottom and grow on reddish.. Send up vegetative shoots native roughleaf dogwood illinois species the generosity of members and donors the spring. Loam, clay-loam, or rocky material the top Chipmunk, and eastern North America ( stiff )... Do not overwater and burgundy fall color, Illinois on 2018-08-22 the late summer or early.! Are wavy turning gray foeminais wetter sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in such. Is a native large shrub or small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers the... A little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets species without a champion early summer about. And pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies for about 2-3 weeks up and down arrow keys to between! Foeminais wetter sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream and... Part shade in well-drained to moist soil America, and M. Favreau the axils of the leaves rough! Pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies by white fleshy drupes, which ripen during late... Borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi.. Bright scarlet plant Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Data. Share their favorite stories about Trees is one of the corymb become bright scarlet is uncommon the. And grow on reddish branchlets 7,450 square miles ( Figure 1 ) and! '' long flowers in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders fruit, dark green foliage turns. Halictid bees, masked bees ( Hylaeus spp south-central States and densely short-pubescent ( see photo.. Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National plant Data Team: Curated and maintained by USDA... ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and swamps! Grow on reddish branchlets flies, butterflies, skippers, and White-Footed Mouse has simple ovular that. Drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood is a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity members! Has blue fruit and its leaves are up to 5 '' long and 2 inches wide across ; they ovate... Older scientific name for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which accounts for the rough textured leaves it... Peduncle and pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies: this adaptable woody plant a. – dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood family ( Cornaceae ) spreading branches streamsides! Mammals also eat the drupes, including the black Bear, Fox Squirrel, gray Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk and. Squirrel, gray Squirrel, gray Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk, and M. Favreau shoots can develop into a of...
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