Franklin describes the evangelist’s widespread influence during the Awakening: It was wonderful to see the change soon made in the manners of our inhabitants. American Minute with Bill Federer: George Whitefield and the Great Awakening Revival George Whitefield and the Great Awakening Revival George Whitefield had attended Oxford with John and Charles Wesley,who began the Methodist revival movement within the Anglican Church. His practices changed expectations and demands for church leaders. Great Awakening Principle:  The Judeo-Christian Law of Love 2. Whitefield and Revival Go to All the Colonies…. At its core, the … This revolution against the beliefs and morals of those in New England sparked what became known as the Great Awakening. Copyright © American Heritage Education Foundation. The tone of his meetings was non-denominational, uniting people of any background. Edward’s wife, Sarah, observed, “He makes less of the doctrines than our American preachers generally do and aims more at affecting the heart. 12. At Whitefield’s funeral, John Wesley said that history records none “who called so many myriads of sinners to repentance.”. He did not seek to build a name for himself or a legacy on earth. The First Great Awakening divided many American colonists. #Christian #Spiritual #Jesus “Jesus was God and man in one person, that God and man might be happy together again.”-- George Whitefield . He preached multiple times a day, and soon crowds of thousands were hanging on his every word wherever he spoke. Whitefield possessed rhetorical and dramatic skills and spoke with great power. From being thoughtless or indifferent about religion, it seem’d as if all the world were growing religious, so that one could not walk thro’ the town in an evening without hearing psalms sung in different families of every street. Beginning in 1740, George Whitefield preached seven times in America. Along with the Wesleys, Whitefield was one of the co-founders of Methodism. George Whitefield, in October 1740, was preaching across the New England colonies, at Philadelphia, New York, Long Island, Boston, and Northampton. Whitefield’s messages even moved and impressed the skeptic Benjamin Franklin. The Religious Landscape of the Thirteen Colonies in the Early 1700s George Whitefield was born in … To order the printed binder format of the course guide with all the units, go to the AHEF bookstore. Died: September 30, 1770, in Newburyport, Massachusetts, United States. His first journey in 1739-40, would later become known as “The Great Awakening.” It wasn’t long before churches were unable to hold the enormous crowds that came to hear Whitefield. 8. Shortly after, George left for America, where he would die a year later. Whitefield, it seems, had more concern for orphans than distress over the plight of Blacks. In Northampton, Massachusetts, Whitefield stayed in the home of Jonathan Edwards, the fiery revivalist preacher of the Reformed Churches. His most significant impact was felt in America and Scotland, where the winds of revival had already begun to blow through the ministry of local pastors and evangelists. Whitefield ignited the Great Awakening, a major religious revival that became the first major mass movement in American history. He made his first, most famous continental tour in 1740, from Boston, Massachusetts, to Savannah, Georgia. 11. He was known as the "Great Itinerant" because he traveled and preached all around North America and Europe between 1740 and 1770. The two men also created a subscription of the preacher’s messages, with Franklin printing the preacher’s sermons and journals. In addition, Franklin, a printer, notably gave Whitefield important coverage in his newspaper, Pennsylvania Gazette, and connections to other publishers. Often facing misunderstanding and even opposition […] The Grand Itinerant A second important figure during the Great Awakening was George Whitefield. George Whitefield was one of the most dynamic and famous Christian ministers of the 18th century, yet today remains relatively unknown. The dramatic response of churchgoers in Bristol and London in 1737, and of the Kingswood colliers with white gutters on their cheeks caused by tears in 1739 under the preaching of George Whitefield, is marked the start of the awakening in England. Fewer than 90 have survived in any form. 7. The Great Awakening was sparked by George Whitefield, one of the leaders of the Great Awakening, who dazed people by his heavenly voice and melted hearts. George Whitefield was born in the Bell Tavern, Gloucester. George Whitefield. Whitefield’s preaching ministry spanned 33 years during which he traveled seven times to America, 15 times to Scotland, and exhaustively throughout England and Wales. Known as the “Grant Itinerant,” he was the first man to travel up and down the east coast in North America, reaching and preaching in all thirteen colonies. Whitefield, along with the Wesleys, inspired the movement that became known as the Methodists. He spoke in church halls, streets, and marketplaces. Great Awakening Effects on Society:  Education, Missions, Humanitarianism, Women, Gospel That our heroes were imperfect (save for the Lord himself) is an encouragement to us all. Whitefield grew up in Gloucester, England, where he worked as a boy in his parents’ inn and tavern. Great Awakening Emerges in Early America – Impacting Religion, Society, Politics In observing this anniversary, we can recover both his historical impact and his evangelical message. George Whitefield was a traveling evangelist during the Great Awakening who used an innovative preaching style and expressed the need for people to be “born again.”  He changed preaching in America as well as helped to unify the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The Great Awakening In 1740, Whitefield went on a long preaching circuit from New York City to South Carolina. Students may color-code Whitefield’s preaching route(s) and provide some details at each stopping point if desired. Students read sections Introduction and 5.1, 5.3, and p. 146. Start studying Great Awakening: George Whitefield. “The Great Awakening Meets a Just Awakening: the 250th Commemorative Anniversary of George Whitefield” acknowledges the gap between the inclusive gospel message that Whitefield preached and his devastating failure to embrace the full personhood of African Americans. Great Awakening Principle:  Purpose for Just Civil Government Have students read and research (online and/or in the library) on George Whitefield’s itinerant preaching and travels through the colonies. He also had a loud, clear voice that miraculously could be heard among hundreds or even thousands of people. It was during this time that Whitefield experienced a profound spiritual conversion described as the “new birth.”. After a split over these theological differences occurred, Whitefield relinquished leadership in the Methodist societies to Welsey. Great Awakening Principle:  “Born Again” Personal Spiritual Conversion 4. In addition, he used media like the new colonial newspapers and market advertising to spread the Christian Gospel and to raise publicity for his tours. #Christmas #Jesus #Men “For, if we have not charity, we are not Christians: charity is the great duty of Christians.”-- George Whitefield . He joined their Christian club of zealous students, branded “Methodists” by their critics because of their systematic approach to religious affairs. 6. Mobs of enthusiastic people practically trampled one another to hear the celebrated preacher. Many of them were given over and over again. Whitefield preached more than 18,000 sermons in his lifetime, an average of 500 a year or ten a week. Whitefield’s conversion experience set him on a mission—the Great Commission—to preach the gospel message of salvation in Jesus Christ to people everywhere. His traveling efforts also helped to make the colonies more interconnected and unified in their beliefs and values. That our heroes were imperfect (save for the Lord himself) is an encouragement to us all. Parents: Thomas and Elizabeth Whitefield. Historians have called Whitefield’s dissonant view on slavery “the one dark blot upon an otherwise unspotted career.” At the time, however, Whitefield’s position was not uncommon among White Christians in America, with only the Quakers criticizing the practice of slaveholding and labeling it sin. However, Whitefield followed the Calvinist doctrine of predestination, while the Wesley brothers rested in the Arminian theology of conditional election or free will. George Whitefield, (born Dec. 27, 1714, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770, Newburyport, Mass. When Whitefield had no place to speak, Franklin helped to build a hall in Philadelphia for the minister and other clergy. Later, these same crowds would be awestruck into absolute silence as Whitefield delivered his mesmerizing oration. He varied his voice and gestured, and he appealed to emotions and the heart. 3. His “trafficking for the Lord,” as he called it, spread revival throughout the colonies. The First Great Awakening in America - George Whitefield The first Great Awakening in America resulted in a quantum leap forwards in the life of the church and the nation. He became one of the first public figures known throughout the colonies and, Noll says, “the single best-known religious leader in America of that century.”  All churches were influenced by his efforts. Related articles/videos: Whitefield was a preacher who commanded audiences of thousands with only the use of his unamplified voice and charismatic personality. He took to preaching outdoors, a practice that was virtually unheard of in his day. 1. Edwards, who attended all of Whitefield’s services, was repeatedly moved to tears. Have students visually chart, draw, or map Whitefield’s 1740 preaching tour throughout the 13 colonies (and perhaps other tours and the years they took place). He was the Billy Graham of his day. George Whitefield was one of the most influential preachers in Britain and North America in the 18th century and an important figure in the First Great Awakening. Elizabeth gave birth to their only child in 1743, but the baby boy died only four months later. 10. George Whitefield, like so many of us, exhibited a slow progression towards mature Christian faith. Q: Who were the leaders behind the Great Awakening? Preacher of the "Great Awakening." Whitefield was a Calvinist Anglican minister in the Church of England who studied at Oxford University with Methodism founders John and Charles Wesley. Terms of Use - Intellectual Property Restrictions - Code of Conduct - Privacy Policy, AHEF Copyright © 2017 All Rights ReservedDesigned by The Right Aid "Web Design for Nonprofits", the American Heritage Education Foundation, George Whitefield: Evangelist of the Great Awakening, The Principle of Popular Sovereignty – Consent of the Governed, The Religious Landscape of the Thirteen Colonies in the Early 1700s, Great Awakening Emerges in Early America – Impacting Religion, Society, Politics, Jonathan Edwards:  Theologian of the Great Awakening, George Whitefield:  Evangelist of the Great Awakening, Great Awakening Principle:  The Dignity of the Human Being, Great Awakening Principle:  All Men Equal Before God, Great Awakening Principle:  “Born Again” Personal Spiritual Conversion, Great Awakening Principle:  The Judeo-Christian Law of Love, Great Awakening Principle:  The Unalienable Right to Freedom of Belief, Great Awakening Principle:  Purpose for Just Civil Government, Great Awakening Effects on American Religion:  A New Church Landscape, Great Awakening Effects on Society:  Education, Missions, Humanitarianism, Women, Gospel, Great Awakening Effects on American Unity, Democracy, Freedom, & Revolution, << Jonathan Edwards: Theologian of the Great Awakening, Great Awakening Principle: The Dignity of the Human Being >>, The Principles of Limited Government and Separation of Powers in the U. S. Constitution, The Principle of Popular Sovereignty–the People’s Rule–in the U. S. Declaration and Constitution, The Covenant-Inspired Principle of Federalism in the U. S. Constitution, The Bible-Inspired Influences on the U. S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, You’re invited: ASHES IN THE SNOW Teacher Workshop – Nov. 25, 2019 (Houston area). George Whitefield, like so many of us, exhibited a slow progression towards mature Christian faith. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. It was part of the religious ferment that swept western Europe in the latter part of the 17th century and early 18th century. Source:  Kamrath, Angela E.  The Miracle of America:  The Influence of the Bible on the Founding History and Principles of the United States of America for a People of Every Belief. Whitefield was a Calvinist Anglican minister in the Church of England who studied at Oxford University with Methodism founders John and Charles Wesley. In this smart little biography we meet a number of other giants involved in the Great Awakening. 13. Beginning in 1740, George Whitefield preached seven times in America. Whitefield’s innovative style and democratic view of evangelism led to a new, modern kind of preaching and a more democratic soul in American life, religion, and politics. Jonathan Edwards:  Theologian of the Great Awakening He wrote, “I was born in Gloucester, in the month of December 1714. Great Awakening Effects on American Religion:  A New Church Landscape From Book: 131 Christians Everyone Should Know. 15. He is a born orator. A prejudiced person, I know, might say that this is all theatrical artifice and display, but not so will anyone think who has seen and known him.”. George Whitefield and the The Great Awakening. George Whitefield (/ ˈ w ɪ t f iː l d /; 27 December [O.S. His boyhood theatre experience would serve him well in the future. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. George Whitefield, The Evangelist July 2020 | The Prophetic Witness “Bundle” John Pollock John Pollock vividly portrays George Whitefield and his times – George’s long search for peace with God, his joy at being forgiven and justified through Christ’s atoning death and then his enthusiastic sharing of the Gospel. -- George Whitefield . George Whitefield was a preacher that came to America from England, and began to tour the American colonies. In 1733, when he finally understood and believed the Gospel, George Whitefield exclaimed: “Joy-joy … How does such a person spend his lifetime preaching at least 18,000 times to perhaps 10 million hearers and not be remembered more notably? Whitefield established no churches, movements, or denominations in his lifetime, but he took the Great Commission seriously. Known For: Anglican clergyman famous for his spellbinding, revival-style preaching to most of the 18 th -century English-speaking world during “The Great Awakening.”. Whitefield’s wife ministered by his side for 28 years until her death in London in 1769. To download this whole unit, sign up as an AHEF member (no cost) to access the “resources” page on americanheritage.org. As a child Whitefield loved acting, and he mimicked the preachers whom he heard. Whitefield's sermons presented a clear and balanced pronouncement of God’s sovereignty and his free offer of salvation to all who believe in Jesus Christ. Unlike Edwards, Whitefield was a British minister who moved to colonial America. Where did he go and when? 1)  Chapter 5 of Miracle of America reference/text. 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