History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2020. This Russian Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in Russia between 1891 and 1927. During the spring and summer of 1919 Chapayev took part in military operations against the White armies of the "Supreme Ruler of Russia", Alexander Kolchak, in the Volga region and South Urals. It contains 179,175 words in 288 pages and was updated on October 10th 2020. "History of Russia in 100 Minutes" is a crash course for beginners. Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of hereditary noblemen. Those military figures in this government forcibly removed the Socialist Revolutionaries and took full control of the White government in Omsk. In the spring of 1917, Kolchak was urged by conservative elites to seize control of the government, rule as a quasi-dictator and crush the Bolsheviks and the Petrograd Soviet. Publisher: Alpha History Kolchak became a supporter of Kerensky’s Provisional Government. He then became the commander of the Black Sea Fleet. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. After organizing an army in the Far East and Siberia, had began preparing them for an offensive into European Russia, where the main part of the war was playing out. Kolchak graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894. Alexander Kolchak is a prominent military commander and Russian statesman, a polar explorer. For some reason Kolchak hesitated, and by doing so he gave the Red Army time to reorganise itself. He was educated at St Petersburg’s Lyceum before joining the navy’s cadet corps, intent on becoming a career officer like his father. Citation information Kolchak, being the principal leader of the Russian White Army during the civil war, quickly became the nation's first president in 1922. After interrogation, Kolchak was shot and his body dumped in the Angara River on February 2nd, 1920. The hardships endured in these polar expeditions left Kolchak with rheumatism and occasional poor health for much of his life. At their urging, Kolchak returned to Russia after the October Revolution to lead the struggle against the Bolsheviks. On March 21, it became public knowledge that Russia’s Federal Security Service, or FSB, had declassified documents related to the criminal case against Alexander Kolchak. Kolchak supported the February Revolution and the Provisional Government but he opposed the government’s military reforms, believing they weakened discipline and structure. Admiral Essenwas not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the ap… Kolchak was greatly admired by the British and French, who viewed him as the Russian most capable of uniting the disjointed White armies. When Alexander Kerensky became aware of these plots, Kolchak resigned his commission and embarked on a study tour of the United States. The Black Sea fleet descended into political chaos after the onset of the 1917 February Revolution. Yet he did not. He became an important White army commander during the Russian Civil War, declaring himself supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918. In 1911, he was promoted to the Naval General Staff and at the start of World War One he was the captain of the flagship of the Baltic Sea Fleet. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. This left Kolchak in a form of limbo. On January 4th, 1920, Kolchak handed control of his army to General Anton Denikin. Kolchak Oleksandr Vasylyovych – an outstanding military leader and statesman of Russia, polar Explorer. During the Russian Civil War, he established a reactionary […] He was executed by firing squad and his body dumped in a frozen river. These gains were reversed in the middle of the year, however, as the Red Army reorganised and opposition to Kolchak increased. In 1918, Kolchak travelled to Tsaritsyn, a city on the Volga river in southern Russia. Aleksandr Vasil'evich Kolchak was a Russian admiral and political figure. [January 8th, 1920] In the Russian Civil War Admiral Alexander Kolchak, nominally the leader of the Whites (since Nov. 1918), is defeated at Krasnoyarsk and withdraws across Siberia to Irkutsk, where his Czech allies hand him over to the Bolsheviks. Peace is descending on Western Europe but in Russia the civil war between the Bolsheviks and their opponents continues. URL: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/alexander-kolchak/ He was captured during the battle for Port Arthur and released by the Japanese in 1905. Kolchak tried to get protection from the Allies but the Czech Legion handed him over to the Bolsheviks. 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